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习近平:在记念马克思生日200周年大会上的发言

来历:   作者:党建   时候:2018-05-08 10:30:39
新华社北京5月4日电

在记念马克思生日200周年大会上的发言

(2018年5月4日)

习近平

  tongdaomen:

  mingtian,zanmenhuaizhehenshichongbaidebiaoqing,zaizheilishengdahuiyi,jinianmakesishengri200zhounian,huaixiangmakesidefuzapindehehanqinggongxun,zhongwenmakesidegaoguijingliheguanghuisiwei。

  makesishiquanquanguowuchanjiecenghexiuxiguomindefandongdaoshi,shimakesizhuyideshouyaochuchuangren,shimakesizhuyizhengdangdechuangzuofamingzheheguojigongchanzhuyidechuchuangzhe,shijindaiyilaizuifuzadesiweijia。lianggeshijinangxile,renleishehuichanshenglefuzaershenqiedebiangeng,danmakesidemingziyiranzaiquanguogedizaodaorenmendezunjing,makesidexueshuoyiranshanzhuozheciyandezhendiguangxian!

  1818nian5yue5ri,makesijiangshengzaideguotelierchengdeyigezhuangshijiating。zaozaizhongxueshiqi,tajiujianlileweirenleixingyunershimingdebaofu。daxueshiqi,makesipubianyantaozhexue、hanqingxue、faxuedengchangshi,tanfangrenleishehuichengzhangdeaomiao。zai《laiyinbao》shimingshiqi,makesifenglipengjipulushidangjudeducaitongzhi,yanhuguominquanli。1843nianyijubalihou,makesizidongdaochanggongrengoudang,zaifandongshijiheshijimosuodelianxizhongwanchenglecongweixinzhuyidaoweixinzhuyi、congfandongminzhuzhuyidaogongchanzhuyidezhuanbian。1845nian,makesi、engesixiezuozhuanxiele《deyizhishuxixingzhuang》,diyicibinitixidilunshulehanqingweixinzhuyigendidaoli。1848nian,makesi、engesixiezuozhuanxiele《gongchandangxuanyan》,yijingwenshijiuzhenhanlequanguo。engesishuo,《gongchandangxuanyan》shi“quanshushehuizhuyiwenxianzhongchuanbuzuiguanghezuijubeiguojixingdezhushu,shicongxiboliyadaojialifuniyadeqianbaiwangongrengongrendepeihegangyao”。

  1848nian,nangkuoouzhoudezichanjiecengminzhufandongbengfa,makesizidongtourubingzhidianzheichangfandongdouzheng。fandongshilihou,makesishenqiezongjiefandongjingyan,litujingyouguochengtixiyantaozhengzhijingjixue,jiechuanbenqianzhuyideshizhihejilv。1867nianwenshide《benqianlun》shimakesizhuyizuihouzhong、zuifengshuodezhushu,beiyuwei“gongrenjiecengdeshengjing”。munian,makesiyiranshenmiqinmicunjuanquanguochengzhangxinquxianghegongrengoudangxinqingkuang,jinliconggenghongdadeshixiansilvrenleishehuichengzhangtimu。

  ——makesidepingsheng,shijinhuaixiongjingaoguibaofu、weirenleishuejucubuxiedouzhengdepingsheng。1835nian,17suidemakesizaitadegaozhongbiyezuowen《qingnianzaitiaoxuanzhiyeshidezhenzhuo》zhongruxuxiedao:“ruoshizanmentiaoxuanlezuinengweirenleiershimingdezhiye,neimo,zhongrenjiubunengbazanmenyafu,yinweizheishiweidashizuochudejiuyi;dangshizanmensuoxiangyongdejiubushibuxingde、wuxiande、wangwodexingqu,zanmendexingyunjiangshuyuqianbaiwanren,zanmendegujijiangqiaoqiaowushengdicunbirenqu,keshitahuiyongjiuchanyangganhua,ermianduizanmendeguhui,gaoguiderenmenjiangsaxiarelei。”makesipingshengbaochangdianpeiliulangdejianku、pinbingjiaojidejianao,dantachuxinbugai、shizhibuyu,weirenleishuejucudegaoguibaofuerbuxiedouzheng,chengjilefuzarensheng。

  ——makesidepingsheng,shibuweijianjuxianzu、weixunqiuzhendieryongpansiweicenlingdepingsheng。makesicengxiedao:“zaimixinshangbupingzhandexiaodao,zhixubuweilaoleiyanzhejunqiaoshanlupanyuanderen,caiyoudanyuandaodaguanghuidejidian。”makesiweijianlimixinshijitixi,zhichulefanrennanyijiaxiangdejianku,zhongjiudaodaleguanghuidejidian。tabolanqunshu、pubianliulan,buzhishenqielinghuiheyantaozhexueshehuimixingegexuekechangshi,bingqieshenqielinghuiheyantaogeleitianranmixinchangshi,jinlicongrenleichuangzuofamingdetongtongwenhuagongxiaozhongluozhiyangliao。makesipingshengwangwoshiming,changchangtiantianshiming16gexiaoshi。makesizaijipengyoudexinzhongtandao,weile《benqianlun》dexiezuo,“woyixiangzaizhaizhaodebianyuanpanhuan。shiyi,wobudebucaozongwohainengshimingdeshishikekelaiwanchengwodezhushu”。jibianzaiduobingdemunian,makesiyiranbushimaixiangxindemixinfanchouhefangzhen,xiexialeshumufuzadehanqingxue、renleixue、shuxuedengxueketiaoji。zhengruengesisuoshuo:“makesizaitasuoyantaodemeiyigefanchou,naizhizaishuxuefanchou,douyoududaodefaming,ruxudefanchoushiliangduode,bingqiecizhongrenheyigefanchoutadoubushiqianchangzhezhi。”

  ——makesidepingsheng,shiweidianfujiuquanguo、jianlixinquanguoerbushizhanyidepingsheng。engesishuo,“makesiqishoushiyigefandongjia”,“douzhengshitadexingmingyinsu。henshaoyourenxiangtaneiyangmanqiangrechen、jiangububahezhuoyouyongguoditingzhidouzheng”。makesipingshengdeshimingbianshiweiguominshuejucuerdouzheng。weilezhuanbianguominshouboxue、shouzhaqudeyunqi,makesiyiwufangutoushendazhangqigudegongrengoudang,yixiangzhanzaifandongdouzhengzuiqianyan。talvlingjianlilequanguoshangdiyigewuchanjiecengzhengdang——gongchanzhuyizhelianmeng,lvlinglequanguoshangdiyigeguojigongrengouzao——guojigongrenxiehui,rechenchengchiquanguoshangdiyicigongrenjiecengcuanduozhengquandefandong——baligongshefandong,manqiangrechen、jiangububabiancelieguogongrengoudangchengzhang。

  makesishidingtiandengshidejuren,yeshiyouxueyouroudefanren。takuaihukou,pozhuojianpo,zhongqingzhongyi。makesi、engesidefandongyouqingzhangda40nian。zhengrulieningsuoshuo:“chenjiuchuanshuozhongyougeleihenshidongtingdeyouqinggushi”,danmakesi、engesideyouqing“yuyueleqianrenduiyurenleiyouqingdetongtongzuidongtingdechuanshuo”。makesiwangwozanzhufandongguji,jibianzaibenshenhukoujiduanjiankudeqingkuangxiayiranjinzuidajinlizanzhufandongzhanyou。makesihelaopoyannimonanyugong,puxielebaofuhelianqingdeyunqijiaoxiangqu。

  tongdaomen!

  makesijizanmenliuxiadezuiyoudaijia、zuijuyingxianglidejinglicaichan,bianshiyitamingzidingmingdemixinshiji——makesizhuyi。zheiyishijirutongxuanliderichu,zhaolianglerenleimosuohanqingjilvhexunqiubenshenshuejucudeluzi。

  makesiyouyijumingyan:“pipingdebingqiguranbunengqudaibingqidepiping,wuziqilizhinengyongwuziqililaidaohui;keshishijiyijingzhangwodazhong,yehuibianchengwuziqili。”makesizhuyishouyaoyouzhexue、zhengzhijingjixue、mixinshehuizhuyisandazuchengjubuzucheng。zheisandazuchengjujububielailiyudeguogudianzhexue、yingguogudianzhengzhijingjixue、faguohuxiangshehuizhuyi,keshi,zhongjiushenghuaweimakesizhuyidediziyuanyou,shimakesiduisuochudeshiqihequanguodeshenqiekaocha,shimakesiduirenleishehuichengzhangjilvdeshenqiezhangwo。makesishuo:“gongchandangrendeshijidaoli,juebushiyizheigehuoasheiquanguodingxinjiasuofaminghuofamingdesiwei、zhunshengweianzhaode。”“zheixiedaolibuguoshixiancundejiecengdouzheng、zanmenyanqiandehanqinggoudangdeshizaiganxideputongbiaoshu。”

  zhixuzaiquanshurenleichengzhangdehanqingzhanghezhong,nenglitoushichuhanqinggoudangdeshizhiheshiqichengzhangdebiaodefangzhen。makesidemixinyantao,jiuxianglieningsuoshuodeneiyang,“danfanrenleishehuisuochuangzuofamingdetongtong,tadouyoupipingdicongtoujiayiqiecuo,renheyidianyebushuhunangxi。danfanrenleisiweisuojianlidetongtong,tadoufangzaigongrengoudangzhongchayanguo,congtoujiayiqiecuo,jiayipiping,congerdechuleneixiebeizichanjiecengxiazhaixingsuoxiandinghuobeizichanjiecengchengjianshuejucuzhuderensuobunengdechudelunduan。”makesidesiweishijiyuanyuasheishiqiyouchaochuleasheishiqi,jishiasheishiqijinglidejingsuiyoushiquanshurenleijinglidejingsui。

  ——makesizhuyishimixindeshiji,chuangzuofamingxingdijiechuanlerenleishehuichengzhangjilv。zaimakesitichumixinshehuizhuyizhiqian,huxiangshehuizhuyizhezaoyicunzai,tamenhuaizheqiongxiongjiedeganqing,duibaofushehuiyouliangduokuajiaodejiaxiang,danyinweibujiechuanshehuichengzhangjilv,buzhaodaowanchengbaofudeyouyongluzi,shiyiyejiunanyizhenzhengduishehuichengzhangchanshengganhua。makesijianlileweiwushiguanhecanshengdaijiaxueshuo,jiechuanlerenleishehuichengzhangdeputongjilv,jiechuanlebenqianzhuyiyunzhuandechugejilv,weirenleizhilerancongbiranwangguoxiangzizaiwangguobenpaodeluzi,weiguominzhileranwanchengzizaiheshuejucudeluzi。

  ——makesizhuyishiguomindeshiji,diyicijianlileguominwanchengbenshenshuejucudesiweitixi。makesizhuyiguangbojingzhan,guigenjiujingbianshiyijuhua,weirenleiqiushuejucu。zaimakesizhiqian,shehuishangzhantongzhiweizhideshijidoushiweitongzhijiecengbanshide。makesizhuyidiyicizhanzaiguomindelichanggenjiurenleizizaishuejucudeluzi,yimixindeshijiweizhongjiujianliyigebuzhaqu、buboxue、dashitongdeng、dashizizaidebaofushehuizhileranbiaodefangzhen。makesizhuyizhiyishijubeiyuyueguodu、yuyueshiqideyingxiangli,bianshiyinweitazhigenguomindangzhong,zhileranyituoguominbiancehanqingjinbuderenshixiedao。

  ——makesizhuyishishijideshiji,zhiyinzheguomingexinquanguodebulv。makesishuo,“quanshushehuihukouzaishizhishangshishijide”,“zhexuejiamenzhishiyongchabiedetiliquanshiquanguo,timuzaiyuzhuanbianquanguo”。shijidegainian、hukoudegainianshimakesizhuyishuxilundegendigainian,shijixingshimakesizhuyishijiqufenyuqiyushijidemingxiantedian。makesizhuyibushishuzhailidexueshi,ershiweilezhuanbianguominhanqingyunqierjianlide,shizaiguominqiushuejucudeshijizhongzuchengde,yeshizaiguominqiushuejucudeshijizhongfengshuohechengzhangde,weiguominshuxiquanguo、gexinquanguogongjilezhuangdajingliqili。

  ——makesizhuyishibushichengzhangdekaifangdeshiji,yixiangzhanzaishiqiqianyan。makesijihuizaisanjinggaorenmen,makesizhuyishijibushijiaotiao,ershibulvzhinan,bixugenshizaijidebiangengerchengzhang。yibumakesizhuyichengzhangshibianshimakesi、engesihetamendehoujizhemenbushianzhaoshiqi、shiji、shuxichengzhangerchengzhangdehanqing,shibushijieshourenleihanqingshangtongtongyouyisiweiwenhuagongxiaofengshuobenshendehanqing。shiyi,makesizhuyikeyihuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxuyongbaoqikuajiaozhifanghua,bushimosuoshiqichengzhangtichudexinketi、huiyingrenleishehuiwulindexintiaoxin。

  tongdaomen!

  《gongchandangxuanyan》banfa170nianlai,makesizhuyizaiquanguoshanghuodepubianchuanbu。zairenleisiweishishang,buyizhongsiweishijixiangmakesizhuyineiyangduirenleichanshenglerusipubianershenqiedeyingxiang。

  zaimakesiqinshenlvlingxia,zaimakesizhuyizhidianxia,“diyiguoji”dengguojigongrengouzaojiezhongjianlihechengzhang,zaichabieshiqizhidianhebianceleguojigongrengoudangdelianxihedouzheng。zaimakesizhuyiyingxiangxia,makesizhuyizhengdangzaiquanguoguimoneiruyuhouchunsunbanjianlihechengzhangqilai,guomindiyicichengweibenshenyunqidepuren,chengweiwanchengbenshenshuejucuhequanrenleishuejucudedizizhengzhiqili。

  lieninglvlingdeshiyuefandonghuodeshengli,shehuizhuyicongshijibianweishiji,tupolebenqianzhuyiyitongquanguodequanguokuanshi。dierciquanguodazhanjunshihou,yiduoliangshehuizhuyiguodujiangsheng,chugeshizhonghuaguomingongheguojianli,jidazhuangdalequanguoshehuizhuyiqili。guranquanguoshehuizhuyizaichengzhangzhongyehuichengxianpanqu,danrenleishehuichengzhangdezongquxiangbuzhuanbian,yebuhuizhuanbian。

  makesi、engesizidongchengchibeizhaquminzuheguomindeshuejucudouzheng。jinru20shijihou,yilieningweidaibiaodemakesizhuyizhedanrenhechengzhangmakesizhuyiminzushiji,zhidianhechengchizhimindibanzhimindiguoduminzushuejucugoudang。dierciquanguodazhanjunshihou,yiduolianghuodeziliheshuejucudeminzuguodujianliqilai,wanzhengbengkuilediguozhuyidezhimintixi,quanguogeminzutongdenglaiwang、peihechengzhangjiechuanchuguangliangyuanjing。

  mingtian,makesizhuyijidabiancelerenleiwenhuaguocheng,zhijinyiranshijubeiyanzhongguojiyingxiangdesiweitixihehuayutixi,makesizhijinyiranbeigongyiwei“qianniandiyisiweijia”。

  tongdaomen!

  makesizhuyibuzhishenqiezhuanbianlequanguo,yeshenqiezhuanbianlezhongguo。zhonghuaminzuzaijiqianniandehanqingguochengzhongchuangzuofalerancanbaodezhonghanwenhua,weirenleiwenhuajinbuzuochuleyanzhongjinxian。1840nianyapianzhanyijinhou,dongfanglieqiangpingzhejianchuanlipaomanhenghongkailezhongguodedamen,zhonghuaminzuduoruneiyouneiluandeqicandibu。

  diguozhuyidemanhengqinfanhezhongguoguomindejizhongfanzhongmonanyinfalemakesigaoducunjuan。dierciyapianzhanyishiqi,makesizhuanxieleshijipianduiyuzhongguodetongxin,xiangquanguojiechuandongfanglieqiangqinfanzhongguodebenxiang,weizhongguoguominmanyangongli。makesi、engesigaodubidingzhonghanwenhuaduirenleiwenhuajinbudejinxian,mixinyuganle“zhongguoshehuizhuyi”dechengxian,naizhiweitamenxinzhongdexinzhongguoqulejinglidemingzi——“zhonghuagongheguo”。

  jindaijinhou,zhengduominzuzili、guominshuejucuhewanchengguoduqiangsheng、guominxingyunjiuchengweizhongguoguomindehanqingshiming。zaixinshidenongrenzhanyizoudaojueding,buzhenhanfengjiangendideziqianggoudanghegaijinzhuyipinpinpengbi,zichanjiecengfandongpailvlingdefandonghedongfangbenqianzhuyideqiyugeleijihuafenyuntingyedeqingkuangxia,shiyuefandongyishengpaoxiang,weizhongguosonglailemakesilieningzhuyi,jikukutanfangjiuwangtucunqiantudezhongguoguominzhileranjinbubiaodefangzhen、gongjilequanxintiaoxuan。

  zaizheigehanqingdachaozhong,yigeyimakesizhuyiweizhidian、yigeyongdanminzuhuifuhanqingdaren、yigebijianglvlingzhongguoguominchuangzuofamingrenshigujidemakesizhuyizhengdang——zhongguogongchandangyingyunersheng。

  zhongguogongchandangjiangshenghou,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyigendidaolitongzhongguofandonghefuzhidexiangxishijilianxiqilai,lianhelvlingguomindianmonaijiudouzheng,wanchengxinminzhuzhuyifandongheshehuizhuyifandong,jianliqizhonghuaguomingongheguoheshehuizhuyigendiguizhi,tingzhileshehuizhuyifuzhidejiankumosuo,wanchenglezhonghuaminzucongdongyabingfudaozhanqilaidefuzabenpao。zheiyifuzabenpaoyitieputongdeshijizhengshi,zhixushehuizhuyinenglijiuzhongguo!

  dingxinkaifangyilai,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyigendidaolitongzhongguodingxinkaifangdexiangxishijilianxiqilai,lianhelvlingguomintingzhifuzhizhongguotedianshehuizhuyixindefuzashiji,shizhongguodatabuyushangleshiqi,wanchenglezhonghuaminzucongzhanqilikaifuqilaidefuzabenpao。zheiyifuzabenpaoyitieputongdeshijizhengshi,zhixuzhongguotedianshehuizhuyinenglichengzhangzhongguo!

  zaixinshiqi,zhongguogongchandangrenbamakesizhuyigendidaolitongxinshiqizhongguoxiangxishijilianxiqilai,lianhelvlingguomintingzhifuzadouzheng、fuzhifuzagongcheng、biancefuzaguji、wanchengfuzahuxiang,biancedangheguodugujihuodequanfangwei、chuchuangxinghanqingchengji,chanshengshentiaoli、dizixinghanqingbiangeng,zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongfuqilikaiqiangqilaidefuzabenpao。zheiyifuzabenpaoyitieputongdeshijizhengshi,zhixuduizhihechengzhangzhongguotedianshehuizhuyinengliwanchengzhonghuaminzufuzahuifu!

  shijizhengshi,makesizhuyideyunqizaoyitongzhongguogongchandangdeyunqi、zhongguoguomindeyunqi、zhonghuaminzudeyunqilaolaolianzaiyilu,tademixinxinghezhendixingzaizhongguohuodelechongshichayan,tadeguominxingheshijixingzaizhongguohuodelechongshiguanche,tadekaifangxingheshiqixingzaizhongguohuodelechongshizhangxian!

  shijihaizhengshi,makesizhuyiweizhongguofandong、fuzhi、dingxingongjilezhuangdasiweibingqi,shizhongguozheigechenjiudedongfangdaguochuangzuofaleranrenleihanqingshangshiwuqianlidechengzhangguji。hanqingheguomintiaoxuanmakesizhuyishiwanzhengzhunquede,zhongguogongchandangbamakesizhuyixiezaibenshendeqihaoshangshiwanzhengzhunquede,duizhimakesizhuyigendidaolitongzhongguoxiangxishijixianglianxi、bushibiancemakesizhuyizhongguohuashiqihuashiwanzhengzhunquede!

  keyihuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxugaoweimakesideshi,makesizhuyizhiyinzhongguoshenglizoushanglezhouquanfuzhishehuizhuyigudaihuaqiangguodekangzhuangxiaodao,zhongguogongchandangrenzuoweimakesizhuyideqianchengchongfengzhe、guoduanshijizhe,zhengzaiweiduizhihechengzhangmakesizhuyierguzhijinli!

  tongdaomen!

  engesishuoguo:“yigeminzuyaoxiangzhanzaimixindezuicenling,jiuyikeyebunengbushijisiwei。”zhonghuaminzuyaowanchengfuzahuifu,yeyiyangyikebunengbushijisiwei。makesizhuyiyixiangshizanmendangheguodudezhidiansiwei,shizanmenshuxiquanguo、zhangwojilv、xunqiuzhendi、gexinquanguodezhuangdasiweibingqi。

  makesizhuyisiweishijiguangbojingzhan、changxuechangxin。xinshiqi,zhongguogongchandangrenyiranyaojinxiumakesi,jinxiuheshijimakesizhuyi,bushicongzhongluozhimixincongmingheshijiqili,zaijiangubiance“wuweiyiti”zhengtiguihua、diaohebiance“sigezhouquan”jimouguihuazhong,gengyoudingli、gengyouziao、gengyoucongmingdiduizhihechengzhangxinshiqizhongguotedianshehuizhuyi,quebaozhonghuaminzufuzahuifudejulunyixiangyanzhezhunquehangxiangpolangqianxing。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyurenleishehuichengzhangjilvdesiwei。makesimixinjiechuanlerenleishehuizhongjiuzouxianggongchanzhuyidebiranquxiang。makesi、engesishenxin,jianglaishehui“jiangshiruxuyigelianxiti,zaineibian,meiyigerendezizaichengzhangshitongtongrendezizaichengzhangdeqianti”,“wuchanzhezaizheigefandongzhongluokongdezhishisuolian。tamenhuodedejiangshiquanshuquanguo。”makesishenxinhanqingchaoshuibenpaoxiangqian,zhixuguominchengweibenshendepuren、shehuidepuren、renleishehuichengzhangdepuren,gongchanzhuyibaofujiubirankeyihuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxuzaibushizhuanbianxiancunzhuangkuangdeshijigoudangzhongyibuyibuwancheng。makesizhuyidianjilegongchandangrenguoduanbaofuxinxindeshijidizi。zanmenyaozhouquanzhangwobianzhengweixinzhuyihehanqingweixinzhuyidequanguoguanhetililun,shenqieshuxiwanchenggongchanzhuyishiyouyigeyigejieduanxingfangzhenmanmangaojundehanqingguocheng,bagongchanzhuyihongyuanbaofutongzhongguotedianshehuizhuyipeihebaofutongyilulai、tongzanmenzhengzaizuodeshimingtongyilulai,guoduanzhongguotedianshehuizhuyiluziziao、shijiziao、guizhiziao、wenhuaziao,kushougongchandangrendebaofuxinxin,xiangmakesineiyang,weigongchanzhuyidouzhengpingsheng。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyukushouguominlichangdesiwei。guominxingshimakesizhuyizuiguangxiandefengzhi。makesishuo,“hanqinggoudangshidazhongdegoudang”。rangguominhuodeshuejucushimakesipingshengdexunqiu。zanmenyaoyixiangbaguominlichangzuoweidizilichang,baweiguominmouxingyunzuoweidizishiming,duizhijingxinquanyiweiguominbanshidedizizhuzhi,guanchedazhongxianlu,zunjingguominzhutiweizhihechuchuangjingli,yixiangduizhitongguomindazhongdexueroujieqia,ningjiqizhongqingyijudepengpaiqili,lianhelvlingguominpeihechuangzuofaminghanqingweiye。zheishizunjinghanqingjilvdebirantiaoxuan,shigongchandangrenbuwangchuxin、fuyingshimingdezifadanren。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyuchuchanlihechuchanganxidesiwei。makesizhuyiyiwei,wuzichuchanlishiquanshushehuihukoudewuziqianti,tongchuchanlichengzhangbiranjieduanxiangshiyingdechuchanganxidezonghezuchengshehuijingjidizi。chuchanlishibianceshehuijinbuzuihuopo、zuifandongdeyinsu。“renmensuodaodadechuchanlidezonghejueyizheshehuizhuangkuang。”chuchanlihechuchanganxi、jingjidizihexiacengxiujianxianghuganhua、xianghuxianding,anpaizhequanshushehuichengzhangguocheng。shuejucuhechengzhangshehuichuchanlishishehuizhuyideshizhiqingqiu,shizhongguogongchandangrenjielimosuo、chulichulideyanzhongtimu。xinzhongguojianliyilaichugeshidingxinkaifangyilai,zaibudao70niandeshihounei,zanmendanglvlingguominguoduanbuyishuejucuhechengzhangshehuichuchanli,zouwanledongfangjibainiandechengzhangguocheng,biancewoguojisuchengweiquanguodierdajingjiti。zanmenyaoganyuzhouquanshenqiedingxin,zifajingyouguochengdiaojichuchanganxijiqishehuichuchanlichengzhanghuoqi,zifajingyouguochengwanmeixiacengxiujianshiyingjingjidizichengzhangqingqiu,rangzhongguotedianshehuizhuyijiabeiheshijilvdixiangqianchengzhang。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyuguominminzhudesiwei。makesi、engesizhichu,“wuchanjiecengdegoudangshijuedaduoshurende,weijuedaduoshurentoujiyidezilidegoudang”,“gongrenjiecengyidanhuodetongzhiquan,jiubunengchixucaozongjiudeguodujixielaitingzhibanli”,bixu“yixindezhenzhengminzhudeguoduzhengquanlaiqudai”。guodugouzaobixuyoushehuipurenbianweishehuigongpu,jieguanguominjianshi。zanmenyaoguoduanbuyizouzhongguotedianshehuizhuyizhengzhichengzhangluzi,zaiduizhidangdelvling、guomindangjiazuozhu、yifazhiguowujitongyizhongbianceshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhifuzhi,bushizengqiangguomindangjiazuozhudeguizhibaozheng,jiasubianceguodubanlitixihebanlinengligudaihua,chongshibiangengguomindezidongxing、zidongxing、chuangzuofamingxing,jiabeishizai、gengyouyongguodishixingguominminzhu。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyuwenhuafuzhidesiwei。makesiyiwei,zaichabiedejingjiheshehuiqingkuangzhong,renmenchuchanchabiedesiweihewenhua,siweiwenhuafuzhiguranjueyiyujingjidizi,danyouduijingjidizichanshengfanganhua。jinbuqianbeidesiweiwenhuayidanbeidazhongzhangwo,jiuhuizhuanhuaweizhuangdadewuziqili;fanzhi,diaoduide、maobingdekanfaruoshibufeichu,jiuhuichengweishehuichengzhangjinbudejiasuoshuejucu。shijizifa、wenhuaziao,shiyigeminzujinbudeqili;daijiajinbuqianbei、siweishuejucu,shiyigeshehuihuoqidelaili。guoduzhihun,wenyihuazhi,wenyizhuzhi。zanmenyaoanshenzhongguo,mianxianggudaihua、mianxiangquanguo、mianxiangjianglai,wengumakesizhuyizaishuxixingzhuangfanchoudezhidianweizhi,chengzhangshehuizhuyijinbuqianbeiwenhua,zengqiangshehuizhuyijingliwenhuafuzhi,bashehuizhuyijiaodiandaijiaguanrongrushehuichengzhanggefangmian,biancezhonghuayouyichuantongwenhuachuangzuofamingxingzhuanhua、liyixingchengzhang,bushijinbuguominsiweijingwu、pindechengdu、wenhuasuyang,bushizhujiuzhonghanwenhuaxinguanghui。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyushehuifuzhidesiwei。makesi、engesijiaxiang,zaijianglaishehuizhong,“chuchanjiangyitongtongderenfuyuweifangzhen”,“tongtongrenpeihexiangyongdashichuangzuofamingchulaidefuli”。engesilianximakesizai《gongchandangxuanyan》、《gedagangyaopiping》、《benqianlun》dengzhushuzhongtichudeyixiliezhuyi,shuomingzaishehuizhuyiqiantixia,shehuiyingdang“jitongtongderengongjiankangerwuyideshiming,jitongtongderengongjifengyudewuzihukouhekongxianshihou,jitongtongderengongjishizaidechongshidezizai”。guominduikuajiaohukoudeshenchibianshizanmendedouzhengfangzhen。zanmenyaoduizhiyiguominweizhongjiandechengzhangsiwei,zhuozhuguominzuiguanhuaizuijianjiezuishijidehaochutimu,bushibaozhenghegaijinminsheng,zengjinshehuigongyungongli,zaigenggaochengdushangwanchengyouyousuoyu、xueyousuojiao、laoyousuode、bingyousuoyi、laoyousuoyang、zhuyousuoju、ruoyousuofu,rangchengzhanggongxiaogengduogenggongyunhuijiquanshuguomin,bushizengjinrendezhouquanchengzhang,chaozhewanchengquanshuguominpeihefuyubushimaijin。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyurenyutianranganxidesiwei。makesiyiwei,“renkaotianranjiehukou”,tianranbuzhijirenleigongjilehukoucailiaolaili,rufeiraodedipan、yuchanfengshuodejianghehuhaideng,bingqiejirenleigongjilechuchancailiaolaili。tianranwuzuchengrenleibaocundetianranqianti,renleizaitongtianrandehudongzhongchuchan、hukou、chengzhang,renleishandaitianran,tianranyehuifengsongrenlei,dan“ruoshishuorenkaomixinhechuangzuofamingxingtianfuxunfuletianranli,neimotianranliyeduirentingzhipengji”。tianranshixingmingzhimu,renyutianranshixingmingpeiheti,renleibixuweijingtianran、zunjingtianran、shiyingtianran、yanhutianran。zanmenyaoduizhirenyutianrandiaohegongsheng,anwenjianliheshizaijixinglvshuiqingshanbianshijinshanyinshandelinian,daidongquanshehuiqilibianceshengtaiwenhuafuzhi,gongjianbanlanzhongguo,rangguomindazhongzailvshuiqingshanzhongtongxiangtianranzhimei、xingmingzhimei、hukouzhimei,zouchuyitiaochuchanchengzhang、hukoufuyu、shengtaijiechudewenhuachengzhangluzi。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyuquanguohanqingdesiwei。makesi、engesishuo:“geminzudeyuanshifengsuozhuangkuangyinweiriquwanmeidechuchantili、laiwangheyinlaiwangertianranzuchengdechabieminzuzhijiandexiezuofumiedeyueshiwanzheng,hanqingyejiuyueshichengweiquanguohanqing。”makesi、engesixishidezheigeyuyan,cikeyichengweishiji,hanqingheshijiriquzhengshizheigeyuyandemixindaijia。mingtian,renleilaiwangdequanguoxingbinangxirenshenmeshihouhoudougengshenqie、gengpubian,lieguoxianghujieqiahexianghuyicunbinangxirenshenmeshihouhoudougengpinreng、gengshenmi。yitihuadequanguojiuzaineibian,sheixiejuezheigequanguo,zheigequanguoyehuixiejueta。wanwubingyuerbuxianghai,daobingxingerbuxiangbei。zanmenyaozhanzaiquanguohanqingdegaodushenyuexianjinquanguochengzhangquxianghemianduideyanzhongtimu,duizhizhanyichengzhangluzi,duizhizilizilidezhanyijiaojizhengce,duizhihulishuangyingdekaifangjimou,bushituozhantongquanguolieguodexiezuo,zidongdaochanghuanqiubanli,zaigengduofanchou、genggaocengmianshangwanchengxiezuoshuangying、peihechengzhang,bupingjiebieren、gengbudajiebieren,tonglieguoguominyidaojinligoujianrenleiyunqipeiheti,baquanguofuzhidejiabeikuajiao。

  ——jinxiumakesi,jiuyaojinxiuheshijimakesizhuyiduiyumakesizhuyizhengdangfuzhidesiwei。makesiyiwei,“zaiwuchanjiecenghezichanjiecengdedouzhengsuolvlidegegechengzhangjieduanshang,gongchandangrenyixiangdaibiaoquanshugoudangdehaochu”,“tamenburenhetongquanshuwuchanjiecengdehaochuchabiedehaochu”,ershiyao“weijuedaduoshurentoujiyi”,weifuzhigongchanzhuyishehuierdouzheng。gongchandangyao“zaiquanquanguoyanqianjianliqikegongrenmenyonglaiquanhengdangdegoudangchengdudelichengbei”。yixiangtongguominzaiyilu,weiguominhaochuerdouzheng,shimakesizhuyizhengdangtongqiyuzhengdangdediziqufen。zanmenyaotonglanfuzadouzheng、fuzagongcheng、fuzaguji、fuzahuxiang,zengqiangzhengzhishuxi、dajushuxi、jiaodianshuxi、kanqishuxi,qieerbushebiancezhouquancongyanzhidang,duizhibadangdezhengzhifuzhibaizaishouwei,duizhihezengqiangdangdezhouquanlvling,guoduanyanhudangzhongjianquanshijuzihejihetongyilvling,zuodaoduizhizhendi、pigaimaobing,yongjiuduizhigongchandangrenzhengzhibiaose,badangfuzhichengweiyixiangzouzaishiqiqianxian、guominzhongxinyongdai、ganyuziwofandong、jingdeqigeleifengbomolian、shengqixingwangdemakesizhuyizaichaodang!

  tongdaomen!

  zhongguogongchandangshiyongmakesizhuyiwuzhuangqilaidezhengdang,makesizhuyishizhongguogongchandangrenbaofuxinxindehunling。1938nian,maozedongtongdaozhichu:“ruoshizanmendangyouyibaigezhierbaigetixidierbushisuoxidi、shijidierbushifufandixuehuilemakesilieningzhuyidetongdao,jiuhuidadadijinbuzanmendangdezhanyiqili。”

  huishoudangdedouzhengguochengkeyihuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxufaming,zhongguogongchandangzhiyishikeyihuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxuhuoxulijingjianjuganbieerbushichengzhangzhuangda,henshouyaodeyigeyuanyoubianshizanmendangyixiangzhengshisiweijiandang、shijiqiangdang,shiquandangyixiangduizhitongyidesiwei、guoduandeyizhi、diaohedebulv、zhuangdadezhanyili。

  jinhou,dingxinchengzhangwendingshimingzhizhong、dichuweixiantiaoxinzhiduo、zhiguolizhengmolianzhiduoshushishiwuqianlide。zanmenyaobodeshangfeng、bodezidong、bodejianglai,bixubushijinbucaozongmakesizhuyichanfahechulishijitifangzhennengli,bushijinbucaozongmixinshijizhidianzanmenyingdayanzhongtiaoxin、dikangyanzhongweixian、jiangfuyanzhongzuli、huajieyanzhongdichu、chuliyanzhongtifangzhennengli,yigengkuankuodeshixian、gengjiuyuandemuguanglaisilvzhangwojianglaichengzhangmianduideyixilieyanzhongtimu,bushiguoduanmakesizhuyichongfenghegongchanzhuyibaofu。

  cong《gongchandangxuanyan》banfadaomingtian,170niannangxile,renleishehuichanshengletianfandifudebiangeng,danmakesizhuyisuolunshudeputongdaoliquanshulaijiangyiranshiwanzhengzhunquede。zanmenyaoduizhihecaozongbianzhengweixinzhuyihehanqingweixinzhuyidequanguoguanhetililun,duizhihecaozongmakesizhuyilichang、gainian、tili,duizhihecaozongmakesizhuyiduiyuquanguodewuzixingjiqichengzhangjilv,duiyurenleishehuichengzhangdetianranxing、hanqingxingjiqixiangganjilv,duiyurendeshuejucuhezizaizhouquanchengzhangdejilv,duiyushuxideshizhijiqichengzhangjilvdengdaoli,duizhihecaozongmakesizhuyideshijiguan、dazhongguan、jiecengguan、chengzhangguan、dichuguan,zhenzhengbamakesizhuyizheigekanjiashenshouxuejingwutouyonghao。

  quandangtongdaochugeshigejilvlingganbuyaojiabeizifa、jiabeichikudijinxiumakesilieningzhuyi,jinxiumaozedongsiwei、dengxiaopingshiji、“sangedaibiao”shouyaosiwei、mixinchengzhangguan,jinxiuxinshiqizhongguotedianshehuizhuyisiwei。yaoshenqiexue、naijiuxue、chikuxue,daizhetimuxue、jieqiashijixue,genghaobamixinsiweishijizhuanhuaweishuxiquanguo、gexinquanguodezhuangdawuziqili。gongchandangrenyaobadumakesizhuyidianfan、wumakesizhuyidaolikanchengyizhonghukouxiqi、kanchengyizhongjinglixunqiu,yongdianfanxiuyangxieqi、cuiliansiwei、shenghuadibu、zhidianshiji。

  kandaimixindeshijibixuyoumixindelichang。engesishenqiezhichu:“makesidequanshuquanguoguanbushijiaoyi,ershitili。tagongjidebushixianchengdejiaotiao,ershijinyibuyantaodedongshendianhegongzheileiyantaocaozongdetili。”engesihaizhichu,zanmendeshiji“shiyizhonghanqingdechanpin,tazaichabiedeshiqijubeiwanzhengchabiedeqingshi,tongshijubeiwanzhengchabiedeneirong”。mixinshehuizhuyigendizhunshengbunengdiu,diulejiubushishehuizhuyi。tongshi,mixinshehuizhuyiyehaobushiyichengwendingdejiaotiao。woshuoguo,jinshizhongguodefuzashehuibiangeng,bushijianlvechixuwoguohanqingwenhuademuban,bushijianlvetaoyongmakesizhuyidianfanzuojiajiaxiangdemoban,bushiqiyuguodushehuizhuyishijidezhongban,yebushiwaiyanggudaihuachengzhangdefanban。shehuizhuyibingbudingyuyizun、yichengwendingdetaolu,zhixubamixinshehuizhuyigendizhunshengtongbenguoxiangxishiji、hanqingwenhuachuantong、shiqiqingqiushenmilianxiqilai,zaishijizhongbushimosuozongjie,nenglibalantubianweikuajiaoshiji。

  shijidexingminglizaiyubushiliyi,biancemakesizhuyibushichengzhangshizhongguogongchandangrendegaoguizhize。zanmenyaoduizhiyongmakesizhuyichakanshiqi、jiedushiqi、yinlingshiqi,yongxinxianfengshuodejinshizhongguoshijilaibiancemakesizhuyichengzhang,yongkuankuoshixianjieshourenleichuangzuofamingdetongtongyouyiwenhuagongxiao,duizhizaidingxinzhongshouzhengchuxin、bushichaochubenshen,zaikaifangzhongbocaizhongzhang、bushiwanmeibenshen,bushishenqieduigongchandangzaichaojilv、shehuizhuyifuzhijilv、renleishehuichengzhangjilvdeshuxi,bushichidijinshizhongguomakesizhuyi、21shijimakesizhuyixindibu!

  tongdaomen!

  mingtian,zanmenjinianmakesi,shiweilexiangrenleihanqingshangzuifuzadesiweijiazhijing,yeshiweilexuanshizanmenduimakesizhuyimixinzhendideguoduanxinxin。

  engesishuo:“zhixujinyibuchanyangzanmendeweixinzhuyilundian,bingqiebatacaozongyuxianshiqi,yigezhuangdade、tongtongshiqizhongzuizhuangdadefandongyuanjingjiuhuidangjijiechuanzaizanmenyanqian。”jinbuluzishang,zanmenyaochixudichuimakesizhuyifuzaqihao,rangmakesi、engesijiaxiangderenleishehuikuajiaoyuanjingbushizaizhongguodadishanghuopojiechuanchulai!

laili:xinhuashe


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